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Zeus took a fancy to Semele, so he disguised himself as a mortal in order to carry on a discreet love affair with her. Together they conceived Dionysus who became the only Olympian god to have a mortal parent. Dionysus was the god of wine and revelry. He invented wine and taught people how to tend to the vines and make wine. He had a dual nature reflecting both sides of wine drinking. On one hand he brought joy and divine ecstasy and on the other hand rage and brutality, even murder

The first of the twelve labors of Hercules was to kill the Nemean lion. Legend has it that the Agiorgitiko grape sprouted from the spilled blood of Hercules during his fight with the Nemean lion. Till today the Agiorgitiko variety of Nemea (PDO) is referred to as "the blood of Hercules".

Ancient Greece is one of the oldest and most important wine-producing civilizations, with evidence of production dating back 6,500 years. The climate, terroir and native vine stocks of the Greek islands enabled the production of a wide variety of superior quality wine. They used amphorae to store wine for long periods of time thus creating excellent aged wines.

The Ancient Greeks organized "symposia" where they would discuss philosophical subjects while drinking wine. Moderation was strictly adhered to but the Greeks would utilize the beneficial effects of wine to help achieve greater intellectual clarity and spiritual awareness. Wine was always diluted with water before drinking in a vase called "kratiras" derived from the Greek word krasis, meaning the mixture of wine and water.

The Greeks traded their wines throughout the ancient world by ship inside sealed amphorae. They used a labeling system close to the one we have today which guaranteed the origin of the wine. The amphorae had an inscription with the name of the winemaker, the location and the year of production.

Not only did the Greeks trade wine throughout Europe, but they also shared their winemaking techniques and established vineyards in Sicily, Italy, Spain, and the south of France. Some Italian grapes such as Aglianico, Aleatico, Greco di Tufo, Malvasia di Candia, Malvasia Bianca, Moscato and Moscatelli are of Greek origin.

The Agiorgitiko grape has roots from the Fliasion wine of Nemea one of the most famous wines of ancient times. The wine of Fliasion became popular in antiquity due to its widespread consumption during the ancient Nemean Games that attracted crowds from various areas.

Wine is a natural product obtained by fermentation of grapes. It is very special in the sense that the final result depends on many factors like the variety of the grapes, the location of the vineyard but most important on the care and love of the vine grower as well as the wine maker.

The colour of wine depends on the variety, the composition, the stage of maturity and the way of vinification and conservation as well as the location of the vineyard (altitude, seaside etc). The aroma of wine is difficult to describe so the taster characterises it according to the intensity, the volume, the quality and any specific characteristics.

The taste of wine mainly depends on its chemical composition and is the result of the equilibrium between its components. Wine can taste sour, bitter, salty or sweet or any combination of these. When we taste wine we seek the sweetness, the body, the balance, the texture, the aroma, the structure, the aftertaste.

The components of wine are derived from the raw material (grapes) and the wine making process. The main component is water. The next major constituent is alcohol in a proportion which can vary between 9 and 18 percent but is usually between 11 and 13 percent. Alcohol is a result of the fermentation of the sugars of the grape juice. The alcohol in wine confers the texture and the sweetness of the wine.

The sugars, mainly glucose and fructose are responsible for the sweetness of the wine. The acids, mainly tartaric acid and malic acid are responsible for the acidity of wine. The polyphenols and especially tannins, are responsible for the bitter and the sour taste of wine. Wine is composed of a vast array of complex and delicate molecules. And that explains the wide variety of wines available for us to enjoy.