The city of Athens was named after Athena the goddess of wisdom. Athena and Poseidon, god of the sea, both wanted to be the protectors of the newly built city. Zeus asked them to offer a gift to the people of the city and let them decide which gift was the most useful. Poseidon offered a well so that people would always have water. Athena offered the olive tree which gave people food from the olives, light from the oil (they used oil lamps back then) and warmth from the wood. Athena won the contest and gave her name to the city.